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What is roll forming process?

Views: 3681     Author: STEELMAMA     Publish Time: 2022-07-29      Origin: Cold roll forming machine


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What is roll forming process?

Roll forming is a continuous process which converts sheet metal into an engineered shape using consecutive sets of mated rolls, each of which makes only incremental changes in the form.  The sum of these small changes in form is a complex profile.

The Forming Process

In conventional stamping the entire part is formed all at the same time. The part shape – and especially how complex it can be is limited when the strains from forming exceed what the metal is capable of achieving before splitting.  In roll formed parts, only a small amount of forming strain is put into the part during each station and even here, only a small section is bent at any given time. Because of this, more complex shapes can be achieved with an appropriately designed roll forming process.

In the forming process, a coil or long individual strips are fed through a roll forming line which converts the flat sheet to a contoured cross-sectional profile. The unique aspect of this approach is the use of consecutive forming stations, each of which nudges the metal towards the desired shape.  Based on the targeted profile, a computer calculates the optimal placing and shape of the rollers for maximum efficiency and designs the track.  The more advanced the desired shape, the more rollers the material goes through. The roll forming line can bend metal, form metal into tubes, create metal maze-like structures, and punch the metal with holes during the process.


Suitable Metals for Cold Roll Forming

45# steel polished and coatedwith chrome HRC58-62

Advantages of the Roll Forming Process

There are a variety of advantages to roll forming. Because of the “assembly line” efficiency of roll forming, long lengths of metal can be produced and cut in large quantities, which reduces cost.  Secondary processes such as punching or even welding can be integrated into a single production line. The profiles that can be produced using roll formed sheet steel are similar to what is seen in extruded aluminum.

The roll forming process makes creating lighter-weight steel parts easier compared to other shaping processes, since the wall thickness can be targeted based on the structural needs of the component.  Parts can be rolled even if a finish or paint has been applied. While hot forming can produce similarly complex profiles, roll forming is a room temperature process.  As such, it avoids the distortion risk associated with hot forming, while being more energy efficient at the same time.

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With these many benefits, it is no surprise that roll forming has applications in many industries, including cold roll forming machine.

Steelmama provides a wide array of steel cold roll forming machine including: 

STEELMAM roll forming machine manufacturer

STEELMAMA’s main business is to "project" as the theme of “CHINA STEEL AGENT SERVICE”, leading products for steel profile machinery include roll forming machine, press brake bending machine and other steel processing machinery, and steel coil include PPGI coil, GI coil, Aluminium coil, Alu-zinc coil and steel strips and plates, also steel building material like metal roofing sheet, purlin sections, H steel, welding mill tube and some hardwares to be global brand


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